Follow us

History of Ahmedabad


Ahmedabad is the fifth largest city of India and the economic capital of the state of Gujarat. The city is located on the western part of the country. As glorious the present of the city, so was the past. The city has been governed by several rulers in the past and still bears the snippets of the past. Historians’ excavation and research work has revealed the history of Ahmedabad and it is all the through a very interesting story. A quick look at the Ahmedabad history can give you a clear perception of the city’s century-long journey.

History of the name of Ahmedabad

The best part of the history of Ahmedabad is how the city derived its name. The city was once named Karnavati. It was the dynasty of the Solanki rulers. At the start of fifteenth century, Gujarat state was conquered by the Sultan rulers. The Sultan Emperor Ahmed established his capital here in this place. It is believed that the place has derived its name from Sultan Ahmed. He named the place as Ahmedabad.

History of Solanki Dynasty of Ahmedabad

Excavation work done by the archeologists has revealed some fascinating facts about the history of Ahmedabad. During 10 century, the place was known as Ashapalli. In Eleventh century, the Solanki rulers invaded the place and a war between the Solanki King Karandev and the Bhil King of the place became inevitable. The Solanki rulers were the defeaters in this war and they renamed the place as Karnavati. The Solanki dynasty was ended up in thirteenth century when Vaghela rulers defeated them.

History of Sultanate Dynasty in Ahmedabad

Vaghela rulers ruled the place till the end of the thirteenth century. Ahmed Shah was the first Sultan ruler to win over the Vaghelas and take control of the city. They expanded their kingdom to Gujarat and Ahmedabad was conquered and renamed. Muhammad Begada, grandson of Ahmed Shah reinforced the city with building up an outer wall. The wall was six kilometers long and there were twelve gates in it. Muzaffar was the last Sultan ruler of the city of Ahmedabad. After this Sultan emperor, the history of Ahmedabad took a different turn altogether.

History of Mughal Dynasty in Ahmedabad

Ahmedabad history could have been gone a different avenue if the Mughal rulers had not conquered over the Sultans. In 1573, Mughal emperor Akbar triumphed over the Sultans and the city became the nerve center of the dynasty. During this Mughal era, textile industry started to flourish in Ahmedabad. The textile products started to get exported to E3urope as well. Mughal King Shah Jahan spent a good span of time of his life here and the Moti Shah Mahal built b y him is today one of the prime tourist spots of the city. The city was the chief city of Gujarat during that period.

The history of Maratha dynasty in Ahmedabad

In 1573, Maratha ruler Raghunath Rao and Damaji Gaekwad detained the city from the Mughal rulers. With the end of the Mughal rule, the new Maratha dynasty started to flourish here. Though during this era, Ahmedabad was devastated in most parts due to domestic war between several ethnic groups, the Marathas had contributed to the city’s art and culture to a large extent.

The history of British Era in Ahmedabad

History of Ahmedabad entered the most significant face with the emergence of the colonial rulers in 19th century. The first stone of their era was established with the East India Company’s take over of the city in 1818. They built a military barrack in 1824, established a local government in 1858 and expanded more with introducing a railway track between Ahmedabad and Mumbai (Bombay). During the British era, the city started to grow rapidly. With newer industries got started, the city became a nerve center of the country’s economy. It became known as 'The Manchester of the East'.

History of Struggle for Independence in Ahmedabad

Ahmedabad was a nerve center for the struggle for independence of the nation. In 1915, the ‘Father of the Nation’ Mahatma Gandhi came to the city and initiated the struggle with establishing two ashrams here. The Salt Satyagraha was kicked off here in 1930. the city has given birth to many freedom fighters and it has played a great role in India’s Independence Struggle. The pre-47 years are notable in the history of Ahmedabad.

History of Ahmedabad after Independence

After 1947, when the country became independent, Ahmedabad became a regional town of Bombay. But soon it came out as the state capital of Gujarat. It was 1960. Though in 1970, Gandhinagar was officially declared the state capital, the city remained as an ever-significant place in India.